Visiting the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea was one of the most fascinating travel experiences of my life so far. Sometimes their culture can be seen as a joke to us here in the western world and I have to admit, there are a few things you see that are so ridiculous it’s comical. But, of course the reality of life in North Korea is not a joke. I think it’s important that you go willing to learn and with an open mind. It is NOT a holiday destination. I went to see the country from their perspective – I was well aware that I would see a skewed version of the country what with our itinerary being pre set.
I do not agree with a lot of what is going on in DPRK but I wanted to gain an understanding from their perspective rather than just believe everything I read in the media. Although on the surface there seems to be some positives to living in DPRK- everyone is given an apartment by the government and education is free. But the bottom line is- the people have NO FREEDOM. Only selected people are allowed to live in Pyongyang and even if you wish to travel to another part of the country you need permission. People can only go abroad for work (and not many get this opportunity). It made me feel very lucky to have been born in the UK where I have the simple freedom of being able to leave my own country as and when I please.
Some things you need to understand about North Korea and this blog before reading:
-When World War II ended in 1945, Japan lost control of Korea to Allied forces. Similar to how Germany was split after the war, Korea was divided at the 38th parallel, with the Soviet Union administering the northern half and the United States administering the southern half.
-The split was only meant to be temporary but by the end of 1948, two new nations had been established with Kim Il Sung ruling the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (with the help of Russia and China) and The Republic of Korea led by the democratically elected President Syngman Rhee.
-Tensions between the two governments erupted into war in 1950, when Soviet-backed North Korean troops invaded the South. The Korean War cost at least 2.5 million lives.
-Although the Korean War ended in July 1953, North and South Korea are still divided and there is a demilitarized zone extending two kilometers in both directions. But there have been exremely high tensions ever since.
-North Korea has always been ruled by the Kim family. It is a harsh dictatorship that governs all aspects of the North Korean people’s lives.
-North Korea has rigidly maintained isolation from the rest of the world and has repeatedly been accused of human rights abuses.
-Despite the fact that North Korea is generally a poor and isolated nation, it has been pursuing nuclear research for decades. If you read the news you will have seen a lot of headlines over the last few years claiming that North Korea has executed another missile test.
About my visit:
-When visiting North Korea you have to have a guide and although we had some say in our itinerary, we had to choose locations from a list of pre approved tourist sites. I was always aware that what we saw was not necesarily the ‘real’ North Korea but simply what they considered the best bits of the country.
-We were in the country for 9 days. That is quite long compared to most of tourists who just take a tour of Pyongyang and maybe the DMZ. I’m not saying this makes me an expert or better than anyone else but I think a few people have assumed I only saw the elite in Pyongyang and that’s all. I do feel I got a prolonged glimpse at the country especially where we spent a lot of time on the road and that’s where you do see bits of the real North Korea.
-Apart from day one, our tour was just us with our two Korean guides and Korean driver. We had no western guide with us from Young Pioneer Tours during the rest of the time – they just arranged all the organisational side of our trip.
– I may be a travel bloggger, but I started my website after I returned from North Korea. This trip was not sponsored- I paid for it out of my own pocket. All opinions in this blog are my own.
Is it right to travel to North Korea?
I believe that the small amount of tourism in North Korea does more good than harm but I do not think it is a destination for everyone. It is certainly not a holiday destination. It will remain a very niche tourist destintion until things start to change and that may be for the best. Although I stand by my reasons for going it would not be a good thing for the tourist numbers to increase too greatly or the government really will start to make bigger profits from the tourist industry (at the moment tourism is so minimal that it simply cannot prop up the regime).
I realised I had quite a lot to say on this subject so I decided to put it into a separate blog- please see here for more about why I chose to visit.
How do you get into North Korea?
Contrary to popular belief, it is easy to enter North Korea- you just cannot go without a guide. You can enter by train (please see my other blog about getting the train to North Korea from Beijing). You can also take a short flight from Beijing (you have to fly if you are American).
Apart from the first day, which was a group tour, we opted for an independent tour for the rest of the days so it was just me, Josh, two Korean tour guides and one Korean driver. This is a little more expensive but a great way to get to know your Korean guides better and when we visited places it always felt more intimate and that we had more freedom to look around because we weren’t in a big group. Young Pioneer Tours had the best prices I could find for an independent tour and despite some things you may read I had no issues with them. This may have been because I was not in a group tour.
**UPDATE** (20th June 2017)
After the tragic death of Otto Warmbier- who was detained in North Korea for 15 months after being accused of stealing a poster from a hotel- (read more about him here) Young Pioneer Tours are no longer taking US citizens to North Korea. Other tour companies are likely to do the same.
Otto’s arrest was the only one in the past 10 years. Although I still think the risks are very low- I maybe wouldn’t visit for now if I was an American.
Otto’s case is an incredibly sad one but it is the first time a tourist detained has ended up this way. I never felt unsafe whilst in the country but was always aware that if I broke the rules I would be arrested and punished.
There have been thousands of American tourists in North Korea all of which have been perfectly fine which makes me think he probably did attempt to steal the poster which provoked them to arrest him. I do not think they would arrest American tourists at random- but if you give them a reason to, they will.
I am not saying what happened to him is acceptable by any means! Otto did not deserve this harsh sentencing and of course he did not deserve to end up losing his life. The fact that he was American made matters worse and his sentencing was probably harsher just based on his nationality- which is completely wrong but gives you an idea of the tensions between North Korea and the USA.
Otto and I were in DPRK at the same time although I was not in his tour group. His story has upset me and hit pretty close to home. Otto, like us, was a traveller curious to learn more about DPRK and one small mistake cost him his life when it should have been a matter that was easily resolved. My thoughts are with his family and friends.
Here’s a summary of my North Korea itinerary:
Day 1- Pyongyang:
We arrive around 17:30 by train. For more on my train journey in see here. As we arrive there’s a power cut at the station (power cuts are pretty common here especially in winter) so it’s really dark and we all use our phones flashlights to see where we are going!
The Yanggakdo Hotel
This is the hotel we stay in for all but one of our nights in Pyongyang, the capital city. As soon as you walk in you spot the TV playing North Korean propaganda. It looks and feels quite grand in the lobby area however the rooms are much more plain. In the rooms there was a TV which had a few channels including the propaganda channel (which we would watch every night) and much to my surprise- BBC News ! Obviously this channel was only for hotel guests and not widely available in DPRK.
Day 2- Pyongyang:
Our second day is pretty jam packed but it doesn’t feel too rushed as a lot of the things we see you don’t need to spend hours looking at – statues and monuments for example.
Mansu Hill Grand Monument
Before visiting the monument you have the option of buying some flowers to lay at the feet of the statues. Before taking photos you stand in a line and bow to the statues of Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il. The statues themselves are humongous! It made me think of a weird dystopian future where the world worships two guys – except that is basically the reality for North Koreans. Our guide explains to us how the Kim Jong Il one was built in only 3 months (unsure whether or not this is true). They are not solid bronze- just the outside is coated in bronze. There is no denying that are rather impressive statues.
Grand People’s Study House
This is Pyongyang’s huge public library. Lectures on a variety of subjects take place here. It was similar to the hotel where the main entrance and hall felt very grand- glitzy chandeliers, marble pillars, floors and a huge mosaic and statue of Kim Il Sung. However, the corridors and lecture rooms felt quite drab and plain. The computers were very dated as well as a lot of the equipment. In my pictures of the music studies room you can see the huge boombox style CD and tape players they use! The building itself is very impressive from the outside as it is built in the traditional Korean style.
Kim Il Sung Square
This is the famous square that you may have seen if you watched the military parade on the news. When we visited it was fairly quiet and instead of soldiers and tanks we saw lots of teenagers roller skating.
This is a pretty impressive tower…as towers go. It was built to commemorate the president Kim Il Sung’s 70th birthday and it represents the Juche Idea which is the North Korean people’s political idealology. Like so many of the buildings and monuments in the country every detail was well thought out. The tower is made up of 25,550 granite blocks – one for every day of Kim’s life until his 70th birthday. You can take a lift to the top for €5 but we were unable to as the lift was broken. I do think that you can get a view just as good from the top of the study house though.
Monument to the Korean Workers Party
By now, I’ve realised that the Korean people LOVE a monument. Once again, this one doesn’t fail to impress. It commemorates the 50th anniversary of the foundation of the Worker’s Party in North Korea and it depicts the hammer, sickle and brush that are the symbol of the party. There is definitely something quite opressive about these monuments if you ask me. They’re not pretty statues- they are bold, harsh designs. I wonder if the Korean people really do like them.
Although there are many places you can buy books and souvenirs around Pyongyang there is one main bookstore that your tour guide may take you to. There are shelves and shelves of books, almost all of them have plain covers, about the life of the 3 leaders. They are split into sections by leader. Some books are biographies and others are based around their political policies and speeches. All the books were very affordable – about €1 -€15 each depending how big the book is. You can read more about souvenirs in North Korea in my other blog.
The Pyongyang Metro was so much nicer than I expected. The platforms especially were really beautiful with high ceilings, pillars and mosaic on the walls. Not all of the stations are open to tourists so I am assuming they only let you see the nice ones. The trains were much more bland on the inside and decorated with dark wood so it felt a little gloomy and dark. The trains get packed out much like in London during rush hour so for a few stops we were squished into a corner! After a couple stops there was a power cut (standard North Korea) and the train gradually slowed down to a stop and the lights went off. This would horrify most Londoners if it happened on the Tube but the Koreans on the train didn’t seem too bothered. After about 10 minutes the train was running again. If you are visiting DPRK I would really recommend booking a tour that includes the Metro as it’s a great way to get a glimpse of the life of a worker in Pyongyang.
Arch of Triumph
Built to commemorate the Korean resistance to Japan from 1925 to 1945 this Arch is really big (bigger than the one in Paris) and it’s very impressive.
Also called the Victorious Fatherland Liberation War Museum. It has to be the most grandiose museum I’ve ever been to. Outside there is a huge area is dedicated to memorial statues. To the right hand side is a display of captured American weaponry, tanks, planes etc. and to the left hand side is Korean weapons (interestingly, they only showed us the captured American weapons). They are so proud of everything they captured and alongside some of the planes/helicopters there are awful photographs of the American soldiers surrendering and their dead comrades who refused to surrender.
We also had a look around the USS Pueblo which is an American spy ship that was captured by North Korean forces in 1968. They still have it on display like a trophy. Bullet holes have been circled to prove that they attacked the ship and on board you watch a short documentary film about its capture which makes the American out to be fools.
When you enter the museum itself you feel like you’ve just entered a really fancy 5* hotel. Marble floors and huge pillars everywhere and a massive grand staircase in the middle. At the top of the staircase is a massive wax statue of a young Kim Il Sung in military uniform (which we bow to, of course). It’s such a shame we were not allowed to take photos inside but I am sure if you search Google you can come across a picture.
The museum was so massive it’d take a few days to see it all properly. No captions were in English so we had a museum tour guide who explained things to us (all one sided I’m sure). What is very clear is the hatred towards the USA and the blame they place on them for starting the war. Parts of the museum are a little gruesome- one display included a wax model of an American soldier surrendering and he is surrounded by his dead comrades. One of the bodies has guts spilling out and crows are eating his flesh. What made this section even more creepy was that there was a power cut so we were wandering around this huge museum in the dark with only torches to see!
Another disturbing part of the museum was a chart which explained how many US soldiers were killed by various types of weapons e.g. sniper, grenades and so on – almost like a kill breakdown you might get at the end of a computer game! They were just so proud of every ‘enemy’ killed.
Obviously, we didn’t get to stay at or go inside this hotel since it’s been unfinished for years. I couldn’t believe just how tall it was! It towers over the rest of Pyongyang and it’s unusual shape really makes it stand out. There’s something quite mysterious about it as nobody has really confirmed why it has not been completed yet. I heard a rumour that there is a problem with one of the lift shafts that is unfixable so it may never open! I could tell our tour guides didn’t want to talk in too much detail about it as they probably didn’t know themselves why it was unfinished.
Day 3- Mount Myohyang
Mount Myohyang Area
The area surrounding Mount Myohyang was so stunning that my photos don’t really do it justice!
Pohyonsa Buddhist Temple
We were pretty surprised when we found out that we were visiting a Buddhist Temple considering practicing a religion seems to be banned in DPRK. Our guide told us that there are still Monks there and a few people who still practice Buddhism (we didn’t see any Monks and I am pretty sure the people cannot practice Buddhism). This temple has been here since the 11th Century (the Koryo Dynasty) however, half of the buildings were destroyed during the Korean War in 1951. Even so, the buildings that remained looked really pretty and the surrounding mountain scenery was beautiful. It was also the first time I’d seen a temple in the snow!
Dinner at Pyongyang Pizza Restaurant
Thought I’d just share this photo of the pizza I had at one of the few places in DPRK that serves western food. Wasn’t the best pizza ever but I wouldn’t expect it to be! It was a very good effort though. It kind of tasted like a frozen pizza you might buy in a supermarket!
In the restaurant we were entertained by a talented Korean lady playing the piano and singing – I remember that she sang ”Beauty and the Beast” !
Day 4- Pyongyang:
Kamsusan Palace of the Sun
The most bizarre morning of my life.
This is the mausoleum of Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il. We spent a couple of hours looking around and we had to bow to the bodies of the leaders in their glass coffins. It is strictly prohibited to take photos inside so I just have this one from the outside. Please see my separate blog for more details on this experience.
Revolutionary Martyrs’ Cemetery
This is a large memorial for soldiers who fought against the Japanese in the struggle for independence. Each grave has a bust with the persons name, date of birth, date they fought in the army and date they died. We bowed in front of the statue of Kim Jong Suk- who was the wife of Kim Il Sung and mother of Kim Jong Il. She is also remembered for her heroic actions during the anti Japanese war. What was most upsetting was seeing that so many died very young- but this is often the case in wars throughout history.
Day 5- Wonsan:
Songdowon International Children’s Camp
In the morning we visited a children’s summer camp that had been renovated in 2014. We were informed by our guides that Korean children from all backgrounds were able to visit the camp free of charge. When I questioned this further we were told that it’s not the same children visiting every year and it rotates which schools are invited to make it fair. So I imagine that for most Korean children visiting this camp is a one off. I do think there must be many children that miss out since there are only so many places per year. Children from other countries are also welcome but obviously not free of charge. We were not told how much it costs for foreign children but I found an article online that claims its about $270 (this is partly subsidized by the government) but I don’t know if this is true.
The facilities at the camp were amazing! It included:
- Swimming pool
- Large football pitch + seating
- Athletics track
- Basketball / Badminton / Volleyball Court
- Water park + slides
And that’s not even all of it!
This was possibly my favourite part of the entire trip! So much so that I’ve decided to write a separate blog post in more detail about it. So for more on the orphanage please click the title or see here.
Day 6- DMZ/Sariwon:
The Demilitarized Zone is the border area between North and South Korea. It was really fascinating to see it. It’s also the only place you can get a photo with a soldier. (We were convinced that they had chosen the best looking guard for us to get our photo with!) Being there made you realise just how crazy the whole situation is and how ridiculous it is that a country can be quite literally split in two.
Pansangi is a Korean dish that we got to try whilst in Kaesong City (not far from the DMZ). It is served in bronze bowls and traditionally it was a dish served to very rich people or royalty. I enjoyed most of the dishes except the squid and a strange jelly-like noodle dish. Other bowls included, boiled egg, cucumber, kimchi, rice, soup, potatoes, marinated pork, cabbage and some sort of spicy sprout/root dish.
Sariwon Folk Street
Day 7- Pyongyang:
3 Revolution Exhibition
In the morning we visit the 3 Revolution Museum which, even now, I am not entirely sure why this museum is necessary. It seems to be just another opportunity to create some elaborate buildings that show off the work and ideas of Kim Il Sung. I did not get any photos so if you are interested in seeing more have a look on the Wikipedia page. There were a few different museum buildings but we only entered one of them- this one was all about farming and agriculture and we were the only people in there when we visited so it felt a little eerie. We walked around with a local guide who talked us through all the different kinds and farming methods in the country. I remember that this guide was very curious about English culture- she asked us if the story of King Arthur and the Sword in the Stone was real. She also asked us where William Shakespeare was born- she told us she had read some Shakespeare at the public library.
Mansude Art Studio
Next stop was the Mansude Art Studio. This is where many of the mosaics and bronze statues that you see everywhere in DPRK are made. I was hoping we might get to see the bronze statue room but sadly not. Instead we had a look around a few large rooms full of paintings and some sculptures. Most of which were for sale. I couldn’t afford any of it. I didn’t get any photos here so if you are interested to find out more I discovered that the studio has its own website.
Korean Film Studio
I was really happy to have the chance to look around the Korean film studio. Most of what we saw was the large outdoor sets. They have built various street sets that are used in many of the movies made here. There was a traditional style Korean street, a 1950s Korean street, a Chinese, Japanese and European street. I got the impression that most North Korean movies are about the wars and struggles for independence. Although I never watched one from start to finish, every time I saw one on TV it seemed to be about war.
Day 8- Nampo/Pyongyang:
West Sea Barrage
The Korean people are SO proud of the West Sea Barrage (a huge 8 kilometre long dam) that separates the Taedong River from the Yellow Sea. You can actually drive along the dam which we did before visiting the museum. Here, you watch a video about the building of the dam (the narrator in the video is VERY passionate about it). The best photo I could get was this one, taken from just outside the museum which is at the top of hill overlooking the dam:
Mineral Water Factory
Yep, that’s right, we visited a water bottle factory! By mineral they mean sparkling water. They produce it at a factory here in Nampo and they are really proud of how popular it is. The factory wasn’t full of people working the day we went since it was new years eve it was a public holiday. The pictures aren’t too exciting but here’s one:
Chongsan Co Operative Farm
Even this farm had a monument and a bronze statue of Kim Il Sung! Chongsan farm near Nampo produces crops, vegetables and fruits including rice, corn and bean. We only got to see a few of the greenhouses where we were there in the winter season. It appeared to be running well- they wouldn’t have brought us there if it wasn’t. I am sure there are many farmers still struggling in the even more rural areas of the country that we did not get to see.
This was actually one of my favourite parts of the trip! No matter what country I’m in I am the kind of person that enjoys wandering around a supermarket to look at the different kinds of food the locals buy. But this was particularly interesting as it was a chance to see the Korean people going about their everyday lives. Our guides even left us ALONE for an hour ! (although i’m sure they were secretly watching from a distance, no doubt). This supermarket in Pyongyang was more like a department store as it sold everything – food, clothes, toiletries, furniture and it had a food court.
Pyongyang’s main bowling alley is called Pyongyang Gold Lane- we played a couple of games here with our tour guide, Kang. (I lost). In true DPRK fashion, there was a powercut halfway through our game ! Luckily when the power came back on our scores hadn’t been lost!
New Years Eve in Kim Il Sung Square
It was really interesting to see the locals gathered in Kim Il Sung Square for NYE. Most of them were young adults and teenagers. Our guide told us that New Years Eve is usually spent with family at home. I’m not sure where they got them from but so many people had balloons and we joined in with a few games of ‘keep the balloon from falling’ (or whatever it’s called!). There is usually some fireworks in the square for NYE however it was so foggy that night that the fireworks were cancelled. As you can see from my pictures the visibility was really poor so we wouldn’t have been able to see the fireworks even if they weren’t cancelled.
I also managed to get some footage of people playing in the square on NYE:
Day 9 – Pyongyang:
Today we say farewell to our Korean guides and driver and get the train back to China!
Please check out my other blogs on North Korea :